Day: January 16, 2019

The Use of the Aronia Berry Plant for Landscaping and Its Use As an Edible Ornamental Plant


Chokeberry plants are very good plants for growing as part of your landscape. The black chokeberry (is a genus of deciduous shrubs, the chokeberries, in the family Rosaceae native to eastern North America and most commonly found in wet woods and swamps. The genus is usually considered to contain two or three species, one of which is naturalized in Europe. A fourth form that has long been cultivated under the name Aronia is now considered to be an intergeneric hybrid, Sorbaronia mitschurinii. Chokeberries are cultivated as ornamental plants and as food products. The sour berries, or aronia berries, can be eaten raw off the bush, but are more frequently processed. They can be found in wine, jam, syrup, juice, soft spreads, tea, salsa, chili starters, extracts, beer, ice cream, gummies and tinctures. The name “chokeberry” comes from the astringency of the fruits, which create the sensation of making one’s mouth pucker.Chokeberries are often mistakenly called chokecherries, the common name for Prunus virginiana. Further adding to the ambiguity, a variety of Prunus virginiana is melanocarpa, and readily confused with black chokeberry because it is commonly referred to as “black chokeberry” or “aronia”. Aronia berries and chokecherries both contain polyphenolic compounds, such as anthocyanins, yet the two plants are distantly related within the Rosaceae family) (or Aronia berry plant) was introduced to western gardens as a landscape plant around 1700, and that its value is reflected by its receipt of the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Merit in 1972.


Its adaptability to a wide range of soil conditions and freedom from major problems makes it a good candidate for wetland reclamation projects, roadside and highway plantings, parking lots and use in your garden and landscape. The ornamental (may refer to: Ornamental grass, a type of grass grown as a decoration Ornamental iron, mild steel that has been formed into decorative shapes, similar to wrought iron work Ornamental plant, a plant that is grown for its ornamental qualities Ornament (architecture), a decorative detail used to embellish parts of a building or interior furnishing Ornament (art) Ornament (music), musical flourishes that are not necessary to the overall melodic (or harmonic) line) attributes of chokeberry plants include three seasons of interest: white flowers in spring, lustrous green foliage in summer and black bluish fruits in late summer, and bright yellow-orange-red foliage in autumn. There is growing interest in this plant as a multi-season native shrub for landscapes.

It grows in zones is one of the most ornamental fruiting bushes you can grow. It is now a favorite ornamental fruiting plant grown the world over. The chokeberry or Aronia plant is a native North American plant (are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae. Historically, plants were treated as one of two kingdoms including all living things that were not animals, and all algae and fungi were treated as plants. However, all current definitions of Plantae exclude the fungi and some algae, as well as the prokaryotes (the archaea and bacteria). On one definition, plants form the clade Viridiplantae (Latin name for “green plants”), a group that includes the flowering plants, conifers and other gymnosperms, ferns and their allies, hornworts, liverworts, mosses and the green algae, but excludes the red and brown algae. Green plants obtain most of their energy from sunlight via photosynthesis by primary chloroplasts that are derived from endosymbiosis with cyanobacteria. Their chloroplasts contain chlorophylls a and b, which gives them their green color. Some plants are parasitic or mycotrophic and may lose the ability to produce normal amounts of chlorophyll or to photosynthesize. Plants are characterized by sexual reproduction and alternation of generations, although asexual reproduction is also common. There are about 320 thousand species of plants, of which the great majority, some 260–290 thousand, are seed plants (see the table below). Green plants provide a substantial proportion of the world’s molecular oxygen and are the basis of most of Earth’s ecosystems, especially on land. Plants that produce grain, fruit and vegetables form humankind’s basic foods, and have been domesticated for millennia. Plants have many cultural and other uses as ornaments, building materials, writing material and in great variety, they have been the source of medicines and drugs. The scientific study of plants is known as botany, a branch of biology). However recently this cultivar has been developed in Europe as an orchard fruit, but its attractive value was rapidly realized (as it began obtaining awards for its decorative value.).

They will make your mouth pucker. Aronia is NOT bothered by pests or diseases. This is followed by gleaming green Aronia berries that turn a dark bluish black in summer into early fall, and fire-red fall foliage. Fresh chokeberries right from the bush (or Bushes may refer to: Bush (plant), a shrub or small tree “The bush”, rural, undeveloped land or country areas) are not particularly tasty raw because of their astringency, some people like them when they are completely ripe. Their astringency is the awareness that most people first notice. In spring the Aronia bush is covered with clusters of white, sweet fragrant flowers. Once established the Aronia bush is highly drought tolerant. They are cold tolerant and avoid most frosts by blooming in late spring. You must wait until September when they are fully ripe before you pick them. The round, pea-sized fruit can be eaten fresh although it has a distinct taste. It’s very hardy, and the pea sized fruit can be eaten fresh. Aronia (is a genus of deciduous shrubs, the chokeberries, in the family Rosaceae native to eastern North America and most commonly found in wet woods and swamps. The genus is usually considered to contain two or three species, one of which is naturalized in Europe. A fourth form that has long been cultivated under the name Aronia is now considered to be an intergeneric hybrid, Sorbaronia mitschurinii. Chokeberries are cultivated as ornamental plants and as food products. The sour berries, or aronia berries, can be eaten raw off the bush, but are more frequently processed. They can be found in wine, jam, syrup, juice, soft spreads, tea, salsa, chili starters, extracts, beer, ice cream, gummies and tinctures. The name “chokeberry” comes from the astringency of the fruits, which create the sensation of making one’s mouth pucker.Chokeberries are often mistakenly called chokecherries, the common name for Prunus virginiana. Further adding to the ambiguity, a variety of Prunus virginiana is melanocarpa, and readily confused with black chokeberry because it is commonly referred to as “black chokeberry” or “aronia”. Aronia berries and chokecherries both contain polyphenolic compounds, such as anthocyanins, yet the two plants are distantly related within the Rosaceae family) berries have a unique, satisfying flavor. The secret is to freeze the berries before using them to break down the tannins. The berries can be used to make jam, syrup, juice, soft spreads, and tea. The dry, puckering taste comes from being high in tannins. It is known for making good and healthful juice that also blends nicely with other fruit juices.

One person described it as one of the most attractive fruiting bushes I have ever grown. It is a delight in the garden the whole year. Fragrant flowers, attractive fall foliage, and healthy berries make it an essential plant for astute gardeners.

The dark bluish black berries of chokeberry hang in groups of up to 12 berries. The long-lasting flowers are enjoyably, and are followed by small berries that steadily mature to dark (the polar opposite to brightness, is understood as a lack of illumination or an absence of visible light. Human vision is unable to distinguish color in conditions of either high brightness or darkness. In conditions with insufficient light levels, color perception ranges from achromatic to ultimately black. The emotional response to darkness has generated metaphorical usages of the term in many cultures. Referring to a time of day, complete darkness occurs when the Sun is more than 18° below the horizon, without the effects of twilight on the night sky) bluish black. The flowers attract bees and butterflies. They do not require trellising, spraying, or bird netting. In the spring clusters of sweet-scented white blooms develop among the shiny green to dark green leaves covering this 3- to 5-foot-tall, 5- to 6-foot-wide bush.

The three most popular varieties are Viking, Nero and Autumn Magic. It does not grow as tall as Viking and Nero. Viking grows to a height at maturity of 5 to 8 ft. Nero grows to a height of 3 to 5 ft. They are also sold as a favorite ornamental fruiting plant. Viking and Nero were developed in Europe as an orchard fruit and recently shipped back to the United States here they are becoming popular. Autumn Magic was developed in the United States from a seedling in the eastern part of the U.S. The Autumn Magic plant is a commonly sold ornamental cultivar. It was selected for its ornamental characteristic white flowers, glossy green leaves, red-orange fall foliage, and purplish black (is the darkest color, the result of the absence or complete absorption of visible light. It is an achromatic color, literally a color without hue, like white and gray. It is often used symbolically or figuratively to represent darkness, while white represents light. Black and white have often been used to describe opposites; particularly truth and ignorance, good and evil, the Dark Ages versus Age of Enlightenment. Since the Middle Ages, black has been the symbolic color of solemnity and authority, and for this reason is still commonly worn by judges and magistrates.Black was one of the first colors used by artists in neolithic cave paintings. In the 14th century, it was worn by royalty, clergy, judges and government officials in much of Europe. It became the color worn by English romantic poets, businessmen and statesmen in the 19th century, and a high fashion color in the 20th century. In the Roman Empire, it became the color of mourning, and over the centuries it was frequently associated with death, evil, witches and magic. According to surveys in Europe and North America, it is the color most commonly associated with mourning, the end, secrets, magic, force, violence, evil, and elegance.Black ink is the most common color used for printing books, newspapers and documents, as provides the highest contrast with white paper and thus the easiest color to read. Similarly, black text on a white screen is the most common format used on computer screens) berries.

Health benefits

It has a very stable dark pigment. Interest in Aronia berries has been growing because of its health benefits and as a natural organic food coloring. Aronia melanocarpa is commonly known as chokeberry and has a very nice-looking purplish black color.

Chokeberries belong to that group of purple berries (berry is a small, pulpy, and often edible fruit. Typically, berries are juicy, rounded, brightly colored, sweet or sour, and do not have a stone or pit, although many pips or seeds may be present. Common examples are strawberries, raspberries, blueberries, blackberries, red currants, white currants and blackcurrants. In Britain, soft fruit is a horticultural term for such fruits.The scientific usage of the term “berry” differs from common usage. In scientific terminology, a berry is a fruit produced from the ovary of a single flower in which the outer layer of the ovary wall develops into an edible fleshy portion (pericarp). The definition includes many fruits that are not commonly known as berries, such as grapes, tomatoes, cucumbers, eggplants, bananas, and chili peppers. Fruits excluded by the botanical definition include strawberries, raspberries, and blackberries, which are aggregate fruits; and mulberries, which are multiple fruits. A plant bearing berries is said to be bacciferous or baccate. While many berries are edible, some are poisonous to humans, such as deadly nightshade and pokeweed. Others, such as the white mulberry, red mulberry, and elderberry, are poisonous when unripe, but are edible when ripe.Berries are eaten worldwide and often used in jams, preserves, cakes, or pies. Some berries are commercially important. The berry industry varies from country to country as do types of berries cultivated or growing in the wild. Some berries such as raspberries and strawberries have been bred for hundreds of years and are distinct from their wild counterparts, while other berries, such as lingonberries and cloudberries, grow almost exclusively in the wild) that are in today’s news concerning health and nutrition. It fights cancer and heart disease.

Chokeberries have been a significant and important part of the Native American Indian diet since before Europeans came to America. It is high in antioxidants, anthocyanins, phenolic acid, flavonoids, vitamin C and trace minerals. The plant produces dark pigmented berries that are extremely high in antioxidants, even higher than blueberries, higher than pomegranates, and higher than cranberries. Its juice has been reported to help people with heart conditions.


Chokeberry plants are very good plants for growing as part of your landscape. It has award-winning its decorative value. The plant produces dark pigmented berries that are extremely high in antioxidants. They are higher than blueberries, higher than cranberries, higher, even, than pomegranates! Its juice has been reported to help people with heart conditions.

Source by Harold Stewart

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Karma – Does It Haunt You?

Do you believe that no matter what you do Karma is your fate because you were not meant to have a great life? Is Karma coming back to haunt you? Are you allowing Karma to be a Self punishing experience?

Is Karma a debilitating Belief System that keeps you in an endless loop of punishment? If this is what works for you, then, ‘enjoy’ it. Are the ramifications of the not being worthy, not good enough and not smart enough syndrome the pay off to being less than perfect? So what is that about? These are the million dollar questions you need to ask your Self ( self is an individual person as the object of his or her own reflective consciousness. This reference is necessarily subjective, thus self is a reference by a subject to the same subject. The sense of having a self – or self-hood – should, however, not be confused with subjectivity itself. Ostensibly, there is a directedness outward from the subject that refers inward, back to its “self” (or itself). Examples of psychiatric conditions where such ‘sameness’ is broken include depersonalization, which sometimes occur in schizophrenia: the self appears different to the subject. The first-person perspective distinguishes self-hood from personal identity. Whereas “identity” is sameness, self-hood implies a first-person perspective. Conversely, we use “person” as a third-person reference. Personal identity can be impaired in late stage Alzheimer’s disease and other neurodegenerative diseases. Finally, the self is distinguishable from “others”. Including the distinction between sameness and otherness, the self versus other is a research topic in contemporary philosophy) and contemporary phenomenology (see also psychological phenomenology), psychology, psychiatry, neurology, and neuroscience. Although subjective experience is central to self-hood, the privacy of this experience is only one of many problems in the philosophical and scientific study of consciousness). Is Karma ( Pali: kamma) means action, work or deed; it also refers to the spiritual principle of cause and effect where intent and actions of an individual (cause) influence the future of that individual (effect). Good intent and good deeds contribute to good karma and future happiness, while bad intent and bad deeds contribute to bad karma and future suffering.The philosophy of karma is closely associated with the idea of rebirth in many schools of Indian religions (particularly Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism) as well as Taoism. In these schools, karma in the present affects one’s future in the current life, as well as the nature and quality of future lives – one’s saṃsāra) about Self punishment? Is Karma about a continuous continuing continuum of sentencing your Self to Self-Retribution?

You are caught up in the ridiculous and debilitating Belief System, the B.S. Karma Program that says, Past, present and future are all one. That is how Karma is carried forward whether in this lifetime or in other lifetimes… past, present and future.

• This is too good to be true.

• Wait until the other shoe falls

&bull (bull is an intact (i.e., not castrated) adult male of the species Bos taurus (cattle). More muscular and aggressive than the female of the species, the cow, the bull has long been an important symbol in many cultures, and plays a significant role in both beef ranching and dairy farming, and in a variety of other cultural activities); Everything is going well, it can not last

• Good stuff is short lived

• It is only luck and my luck will run out

• There is a price for everything… I will only allow myself to enjoy a little.

Karma is a wake up call not a life sentence. You can STOP allowing your Self to go into the debilitating Karma Program to affect and influence your life. It is time to accept the Universal Laws are equally distributed among all living things. This is the life time you can change all the old programs and patterns.

What you think, say and do creates your day. If you are doing all the above then, you reap what you sow. You came here to live your life. What are you thinking, saying and doing? Make each moment your best moment to enjoy.

Since the good (its most general context, the concept of good denotes that conduct which is to be or should be preferred when posed with a choice between a set of possible actions. Good is generally considered to be the opposite of evil. The concept is of interest in the study of morality, ethics, religion and philosophy, and the specific meaning and etiology of the term and its associated translations among ancient and contemporary languages has varied substantially in its inflected meaning depending on circumstances of place, history, religious context, or philosophical context) news is, because your thoughts, feelings, words and actions create your world, you have the power to create a world of peace, harmony and abundance in all ways. In order to do this, it is essential that you learn to manage your thoughts, words, feelings and actions.

Make every moment a moment that creates your desires. Karma is not the problem – you are!! Stop using Karma as your excuse, permission and/or reason to punish your Self. Self punishment is analogous to taking poison and waiting for someone else to die. Step Up! Take charge of your life. No matter what is transpiring, avoid being involved unless being involved serves your highest and greatest potential to be your best actualized Self.

Put Fun into your life. Drop-kick it to the back field into the never-ending abyss of punishment, sabotage and trauma drama. Take a stand for your Self. Kick Karma to the curb. You absolutely, positively deserve to have health, wellness and abundance.

Be in command. Now go out and ‘do’ it. And reap the benefits of bliss. Give your Self permission to enjoy life, to be creative, enjoy the full benefits of a prosperous, abundant life. Accept your value. Accept your worth. You are the sovereign nation of your life (is a characteristic that distinguishes physical entities that have biological processes, such as signaling and self-sustaining processes, from those that do not, either because such functions have ceased (they have died), or because they never had such functions and are classified as inanimate. Various forms of life exist, such as plants, animals, fungi, protists, archaea, and bacteria. The criteria can at times be ambiguous and may or may not define viruses, viroids, or potential synthetic life as “living”. Biology is the science concerned with the study of life. The definition of life is controversial. The current definition is that organisms are open systems that maintain homeostasis, are composed of cells, have a life cycle, undergo metabolism, can grow, adapt to their environment, respond to stimuli, reproduce and evolve. However, several other biological definitions have been proposed, and there are some borderline cases of life, such as viruses or viroids. In the past, there have been many attempts to define what is meant by “life” through obsolete concepts such as odic force, hylomorphism, spontaneous generation and vitalism, that have now been disproved by biological discoveries. Abiogenesis describes the natural process of life arising from non-living matter, such as simple organic compounds. Properties common to all organisms include the need for certain core chemical elements to sustain biochemical functions. Life on Earth first appeared as early as 4.28 billion years ago, soon after ocean formation 4.41 billion years ago, and not long after the formation of the Earth 4.54 billion years ago. Earth’s current life may have descended from an RNA world, although RNA-based life may not have been the first. The mechanism by which life began on Earth is unknown, though many hypotheses have been formulated and are often based on the Miller–Urey experiment. The earliest known life forms are microfossils of bacteria. 3.45 billion year old Australian rocks are reported to have contained microorganisms. In 2016, scientists reported identifying a set of 355 genes thought to be present in the last universal common ancestor (LUCA) of all living organisms, already a complex organism and not the first living thing.Since its primordial beginnings, life on Earth has changed its environment on a geologic time scale. To survive in most ecosystems, life must often adapt to a wide range of conditions. Some microorganisms, called extremophiles, thrive in physically or geochemically extreme environments that are detrimental to most other life on Earth. Aristotle was the first person to classify organisms. Later, Carl Linnaeus introduced his system of binomial nomenclature for the classification of species. Eventually new groups and categories of life were discovered, such as cells and microorganisms, forcing dramatic revisions of the structure of relationships between living organisms. The cell is considered the structural and functional unit of life. There are two kinds of cells, prokaryotic and eukaryotic, both of which consist of cytoplasm enclosed within a membrane and contain many biomolecules such as proteins and nucleic acids. Cells reproduce through a process of cell division, in which the parent cell divides into two or more daughter cells. Though currently only known on Earth, life need not be restricted to it, and many scientists speculate in the existence of extraterrestrial life. Artificial life is a computer simulation or man-made reconstruction of any aspect of life, which is often used to examine systems related to natural life. Death is the permanent termination of all biological functions which sustain an organism, and as such, is the end of its life. Extinction is the process by which an entire group or taxon, normally a species, dies out. Fossils are the preserved remains or traces of organisms).

Source by Dorothy M. Neddermeyer, PhD

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Living With Diabetes

There are many celebrities from all walks of life that are living with diabetes. Comedic actress Mary Tyler Moore, pop singer Nick Jonas, pro football player Jay Cutler, and many others are managing to live a full life with (or WITH may refer to: Carl Johannes With (1877–1923), Danish doctor and arachnologist With (character), a character in D. N. Angel With (novel), a novel by Donald Harrington With (album), Tohoshinki 2014) the disease.

Learning that you have diabetes can be an emotional shock that takes some getting used to. But, as mentioned above, many famous people are doing ok, and you can also.

And in cases where the body goes into a hypoglycemic state, it can lead to seizures, strokes, and brain damage. But none of these things have to happen if you treat the disease properly. It can also cause damage to major organs of your body such as your pancreas, liver, and heart. If left untreated, diabetes can cause major health problems. It can cause nerve damage which can lead to blindness and strokes.

They will be able to recognize any warning signs and help you to get through this phase. Many people, when they are first diagnosed, go through a period of depression. Psychologically, you have (or having may refer to: the concept of ownership any concept of possession; see Possession (disambiguation) an English verb used: to denote linguistic possession in a broad sense as an auxiliary verb; see English auxiliaries and contractions in constructions such as have something done; see English passive voice § Additional passive constructions Having (album), a 2006 album by the band Trespassers William Having (SQL), a clause in the SQL programming language Having (inlet), Rügen island, German) to learn to accept the fact that you actually have the disease. This is a dangerous state to be in which is why it may be good to seek a few counseling sessions with a psychologist or therapist when you are diagnosed. Most get over it and learn to adjust. Living with diabetes will require two major adjustments on your part – one psychological, the other physical. Others find it difficult to get over and can stay in a depressive state for weeks or months.

You will (may refer to) also have to learn which foods affect you and learn to avoid or limit certain ones. Your doctor will tell you what that range is and will give you suggestions and help on how to achieve that balance. You will also have to make physical adjustments. The goal of all of these physical adjustment will be focused on keeping your blood glucose levels in normal and safe ranges. These adjustments include things such as dietary changes, learning to measure your blood sugar levels, possibly learning to inject yourself with insulin, keeping your weight under control, and a host of other things that your doctor will inform you about.

Gradually, however, they will become part of your daily routine and you will think nothing more or them than other things that you do daily such as brushing your teeth, washing your face, and so on. At first, the changes may seem daunting and you will resent them.

The one thing certain about being diagnosed with diabetes (mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. Symptoms of high blood sugar include frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger. If left untreated, diabetes can cause many complications. Acute complications can include diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state, or death. Serious long-term complications include cardiovascular disease, stroke, chronic kidney disease, foot ulcers, and damage to the eyes.Diabetes is due to either the pancreas not producing enough insulin, or the cells of the body not responding properly to the insulin produced. There are three main types of diabetes mellitus: Type 1 DM results from the pancreas’ failure to produce enough insulin due to loss of beta cells. This form was previously referred to as “insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus” (IDDM) or “juvenile diabetes”. The cause is unknown. Type 2 DM begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to respond to insulin properly. As the disease progresses, a lack of insulin may also develop. This form was previously referred to as “non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus” (NIDDM) or “adult-onset diabetes”. The most common cause is a combination of excessive body weight and insufficient exercise. Gestational diabetes is the third main form, and occurs when pregnant women without a previous history of diabetes develop high blood sugar levels.Prevention and treatment involve maintaining a healthy diet, regular physical exercise, a normal body weight, and avoiding use of tobacco. Control of blood pressure and maintaining proper foot care are important for people with the disease. Type 1 DM must be managed with insulin injections. Type 2 DM may be treated with medications with or without insulin. Insulin and some oral medications can cause low blood sugar. Weight loss surgery in those with obesity is sometimes an effective measure in those with type 2 DM. Gestational diabetes usually resolves after the birth of the baby.As of 2015, an estimated 415 million people had diabetes worldwide, with type 2 DM making up about 90% of the cases. This represents 8.3% of the adult population, with equal rates in both women and men. As of 2014, trends suggested the rate would continue to rise. Diabetes at least doubles a person’s risk of early death. From 2012 to 2015, approximately 1.5 to 5.0 million deaths each year resulted from diabetes. The global economic cost of diabetes in 2014 was estimated to be US$612 billion. In the United States, diabetes cost $245 billion in 2012) is that there will be life style changes. The changes (or Changing may refer to) may be small, or they may be huge – the seriousness of your disease will dictate how much change you have to make. But there will be change. If you have diabetes, and want to live a relatively normal life, start and continue your treatments as soon as possible. To deny or ignore that fact is to basically stick your head in the sands of denial and risk the real possibility of having major health issues further down the road which can’t be treated.

Source by Alice Saracho

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