Day: January 2, 2019

Famous French Quotes and Their American Counterparts

Here is a sampling: you be the judge. The relationship between France and the United States has often been strained, with one side often criticizing the other over some perceived cultural deficiency. In recent history, certain popular elements in the United States have taken to labelling France as a nation of wimps as a result of France (officially the French Republic (French: République française, pronounced [ʁepyblik fʁɑ̃sɛːz]), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.3 million (as of October 2018). France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice. During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The Treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, Middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia which became the Kingdom of France in 1190 emerged as a major European power in the Late Middle Ages following its victory in the Hundred Years’ War (1337 to 1453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military power in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French Revolution overthrew the absolute monarchy, established one of modern history’s earliest republics, and saw the drafting of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day. In the 19th century, Napoleon took power and established the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars shaped the course of continental Europe. Following the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating with the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World War I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World War II, but came under occupation by the Axis powers in 1940. Following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and later dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the other colonies became independent in the 1960s and typically retained close economic and military connections with France. France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving around 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country with the world’s seventh-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing power parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great power in global affairs, being one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council with the power to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member state of the European Union and the Eurozone, and a member of the Group of 7, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO), and La Francophonie) not backing the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq. However, a quick read of some of the most well-known French quotes will show that France and the U.S. actually have (or having may refer to: the concept of ownership any concept of possession; see Possession (disambiguation) an English verb used: to denote linguistic possession in a broad sense as an auxiliary verb; see English auxiliaries and contractions in constructions such as have something done; see English passive voice § Additional passive constructions Having (album), a 2006 album by the band Trespassers William Having (SQL), a clause in the SQL programming language Having (inlet), Rügen island, German) many similarities in thought and view things the same way. France, in turn, has accused the United States (may refer to) of being aggressive and arrogant.

Renard (French) has been quoted:
“La vérité vaut bien qu’on passe quelques années sans la trouver.”
This is translated into English as “Truth is more valuable if it takes you a few years to find it.” Although we do not have the exact equivalent in English, we do have the idea that if something comes too easy, it’s easy to take for granted.

As a mirror of what is considered the “Protestant work ethic”, consider this quote from the great French writer and philosopher Voltaire: “Le travail éloigne de nous trois grands maux: l’ennui, le vice et le besoin.”
In English: “Work delivers us from three great evils: boredom, vice and want.” Don’t we in the United States hold similar values regarding work?

And in this quote from Banville, we see what we think is the very American idea that it’s good to take risks, because “nothing ventured, nothing gained.”
In French, “Et ceux qui ne font rien ne se trompent jamais.” The English translation is “Those who never do anything can never do anything wrong.”
This quote is a good indication that the French () may refer to: Something of, from, or related to France: French language, a Romance language which originated in France, and its various dialects French people, a nation and ethnic group identified with France French cuisine, cooking traditions and practices) probably place similar values on getting out of one’s comfort zone and just going for it, whether or not you are sure of the outcome and even if you are scared to do so. Doesn’t sound so wimpy to me!

And finally, in a takeoff of our glorified American who “…marches to the beat of a different drummer,” Roland has been quoted as saying “Le monde appelle fous ceux qui ne sont pas fous de la folie commune.” This is translated as “Mad are labelled those who do not take part in the common madness.” If that’s not a call for individuals to follow their hearts and do what’s right, something Americans place a very high value on, I don’t know what is.

Source by Anton Lowenthal

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How to File a Nail Without a Nail File

Don’t even go near your eye – ouch! No file – no problem. I learned years ago how to take care of a rough nail (or Nails may refer to) without a nail file. Call me cheap or call me ingenious – I don’t care. My methods work (action which serves some meaningful accomplishment—typically it means building something or doing something useful; in common English it is equivalent to human employment. In science, it has a formal definition disconnected from the idea of human labor). Don’t you hate it when you break or snag a finger nail? It’s annoying and dangerous. Anyone that has cut their nose with a rough nail knows this.

And isn’t this when you need a file the most – away from home? It’s hiding in that nice big bathroom that you don’t have to clean. It comes in many colors and many sizes. It always works and will not only cure the rough edges but can help reshape the nail. Shower tiles, or more specifically, the grout between the tiles are nail-wonderful. All you need to do is rub your nail along the grout line and viola – smooth again. You can take the drive-by approach or attend to that snag in the shower – whatever fits your time line. Best of all – you know the shower is cleaned daily. Of course, this works in your own shower if you can’t find a file. It is easiest if you are staying in a hotel to find an alternative to a nail file.

But the bottoms are a goldmine. File away. Usually the tops of both are as smooth as glass. Either will work in a pinch. The other no-file approach I find helpful is the underside of desks or stone counter tops. This will keep you from hurting yourself until you find a file. One is wood one is stone.

Just pick clean places to file your nails. Don’t try these tricks in the subway or in the airplane bathroom. You never know what will work. Remember, you don’t need a nail file to file (or filing may refer to) that nail.

Source by Elise Atkinson

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Use The Xbox to Learn Piano Or Keyboard As Well As Your Games Console And Get The Most Out Of It

Although the Xbox has been mainly used for gaming, because of its connectivity to the internet it can be used for so much more these days including learning to play piano or keyboard (may refer to).

Most people have their game consoles set up in their spare room or study room, and this is the room where people chill out after a long day at the office, so it’s a perfect area to set up a piano or keyboard.

The Xbox is a fantastic gaming console, and is very popular with both the younger generation and adults.

There are so many features to the Xbox, including, being able to connect it to your iPod, to play music, play audio devices streamed from your PC for example films, music videos photos and mp3 files.

You can also play games through the internet for free.

There are many more educational products available now too, so why not use it to learn how to play piano or keyboard yourself?

With modern technology being developed all the time, and new features coming out it is becoming increasingly popular to be able to learn via consoles as well as being able to have lots of fun whilst doing it!

With all consoles being connected to the internet and the fact that most things you can do over the web these days, even learning how to play the piano and keyboard is possible, and works brilliantly, as you are able to access your tutorials through the game (game is a structured form of play, usually undertaken for enjoyment and sometimes used as an educational tool. Games are distinct from work, which is usually carried out for remuneration, and from art, which is more often an expression of aesthetic or ideological elements. However, the distinction is not clear-cut, and many games are also considered to be work (such as professional players of spectator sports or games) or art (such as jigsaw puzzles or games involving an artistic layout such as Mahjong, solitaire, or some video games). Games are sometimes played purely for entertainment, sometimes for achievement or reward as well. They can be played alone, in teams, or online; by amateurs or by professionals. The players may have an audience of non-players, such as when people are entertained by watching a chess championship. On the other hand, players in a game may constitute their own audience as they take their turn to play. Often, part of the entertainment for children playing a game is deciding who is part of their audience and who is a player. Key components of games are goals, rules, challenge, and interaction. Games generally involve mental or physical stimulation, and often both. Many games help develop practical skills, serve as a form of exercise, or otherwise perform an educational, simulational, or psychological role. Attested as early as 2600 BC, games are a universal part of human experience and present in all cultures. The Royal Game of Ur, Senet, and Mancala are some of the oldest known games) console via the internet.

Although the Xbox is known for being most popular for playing games, which both children and adults love to do, it is also a good way of promoting learning over the internet and in the near future technology will be so far developed even part of schooling will be done in this way I would imagine.

A study recently conducted was on how to try to channel children’s energy into learning, and to develop their skills but using something they are familiar with and love to do as a hobby.

It was also discussed with children and adults with learning (is the process of acquiring new, or modifying existing, knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences. The ability to learn is possessed by humans, animals, and some machines; there is also evidence for some kind of learning in some plants. Some learning is immediate, induced by a single event (e.g. being burned by a hot stove), but much skill and knowledge accumulates from repeated experiences. The changes induced by learning often last a lifetime, and it is hard to distinguish learned material that seems to be “lost” from that which cannot be retrieved.Human learning begins before birth and continues until death as a consequence of ongoing interactions between person and environment. The nature and processes involved in learning are studied in many fields, including educational psychology, neuropsychology, experimental psychology, and pedagogy. Research in such fields has led to the identification of various sorts of learning. For example, learning may occur as a result of habituation, or classical conditioning, operant conditioning or as a result of more complex activities such as play, seen only in relatively intelligent animals. Learning may occur consciously or without conscious awareness. Learning that an aversive event can’t be avoided nor escaped may result in a condition called learned helplessness. There is evidence for human behavioral learning prenatally, in which habituation has been observed as early as 32 weeks into gestation, indicating that the central nervous system is sufficiently developed and primed for learning and memory to occur very early on in development.Play has been approached by several theorists as the first form of learning. Children experiment with the world, learn the rules, and learn to interact through play. Lev Vygotsky agrees that play is pivotal for children’s development, since they make meaning of their environment through playing educational games) difficulties that can’t necessarily sit still or learn in a normal school or college environment, but they can learn visually and practically.

So by channeling this into game consoles (may refer to) it is a fantastic way of encouraging children and adults to take a break from playing games and get them to learn piano or keyboard, especially as it’s on a piece of equipment that they like to use.

Online piano and keyboard tutorials are now becoming more and more developed and music is known to channel energy into something positive, so it’s becoming increasingly popular for parents to encourage their children to take up a musical instrument such as the piano (piano is an acoustic, stringed musical instrument invented in Italy by Bartolomeo Cristofori around the year 1700 (the exact year is uncertain), in which the strings are struck by hammers. It is played using a keyboard, which is a row of keys (small levers) that the performer presses down or strikes with the fingers and thumbs of both hands to cause the hammers to strike the strings. The word piano is a shortened form of pianoforte, the Italian term for the early 1700s versions of the instrument, which in turn derives from gravicembalo col piano e forte and fortepiano. The Italian musical terms piano and forte indicate “soft” and “loud” respectively, in this context referring to the variations in volume (i.e., loudness) produced in response to a pianist’s touch or pressure on the keys: the greater the velocity of a key press, the greater the force of the hammer hitting the strings, and the louder the sound of the note produced and the stronger the attack. The name was created as a contrast to harpsichord, a musical instrument that doesn’t allow variation in volume. The first fortepianos in the 1700s had a quieter sound and smaller dynamic range. An acoustic piano usually has a protective wooden case surrounding the soundboard and metal strings, which are strung under great tension on a heavy metal frame. Pressing one or more keys on the piano’s keyboard causes a padded hammer (typically padded with firm felt) to strike the strings. The hammer rebounds from the strings, and the strings continue to vibrate at their resonant frequency. These vibrations are transmitted through a bridge to a soundboard that amplifies by more efficiently coupling the acoustic energy to the air. When the key is released, a damper stops the strings’ vibration, ending the sound. Notes can be sustained, even when the keys are released by the fingers and thumbs, by the use of pedals at the base of the instrument. The sustain pedal enables pianists to play musical passages that would otherwise be impossible, such as sounding a 10-note chord in the lower register and then, while this chord is being continued with the sustain pedal, shifting both hands to the treble range to play a melody and arpeggios over the top of this sustained chord. Unlike the pipe organ and harpsichord, two major keyboard instruments widely used before the piano, the piano allows gradations of volume and tone according to how forcefully a performer presses or strikes the keys. Most modern pianos have a row of 88 black and white keys, 52 white keys for the notes of the C major scale (C, D, E, F, G, A and B) and 36 shorter black keys, which are raised above the white keys, and set further back on the keyboard. This means that the piano can play 88 different pitches (or “notes”), going from the deepest bass range to the highest treble. The black keys are for the “accidentals” (F♯/G♭, G♯/A♭, A♯/B♭, C♯/D♭, and D♯/E♭), which are needed to play in all twelve keys. More rarely, some pianos have additional keys (which require additional strings). Most notes have three strings, except for the bass, which graduates from one to two. The strings are sounded when keys are pressed or struck, and silenced by dampers when the hands are lifted from the keyboard. Although an acoustic piano has strings, it is usually classified as a percussion instrument rather than as a stringed instrument, because the strings are struck rather than plucked (as with a harpsichord or spinet); in the Hornbostel–Sachs system of instrument classification, pianos are considered chordophones. There are two main types of piano: the grand piano and the upright piano. The grand piano is used for Classical solos, chamber music, and art song, and it is often used in jazz and pop concerts. The upright piano, which is more compact, is the most popular type, as it is a better size for use in private homes for domestic music-making and practice. During the 1800s, influenced by the musical trends of the Romantic music era, innovations such as the cast iron frame (which allowed much greater string tensions) and aliquot stringing gave grand pianos a more powerful sound, with a longer sustain and richer tone. In the nineteenth century, a family’s piano played the same role that a radio or phonograph played in the twentieth century; when a nineteenth-century family wanted to hear a newly published musical piece or symphony, they could hear it by having a family member play it on the piano. During the nineteenth century, music publishers produced many musical works in arrangements for piano, so that music lovers could play and hear the popular pieces of the day in their home. The piano is widely employed in classical, jazz, traditional and popular music for solo and ensemble performances, accompaniment, and for composing, songwriting and rehearsals. Although the piano is very heavy and thus not portable and is expensive (in comparison with other widely used accompaniment instruments, such as the acoustic guitar), its musical versatility (i.e., its wide pitch range, ability to play chords with up to 10 notes, louder or softer notes and two or more independent musical lines at the same time), the large number of musicians and amateurs trained in playing it, and its wide availability in performance venues, schools and rehearsal spaces have made it one of the Western world’s most familiar musical instruments. With technological advances, amplified electric pianos (1929), electronic pianos (1970s), and digital pianos (1980s) have also been developed. The electric piano became a popular instrument in the 1960s and 1970s genres of jazz fusion, funk music and rock music) or keyboard and to learn whilst getting great enjoyment out of it.

It still be seen as playing on their game console, but at the same time they are learning something that will be rewarding for the rest of their life.

Source by Samantha Griffiths

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How And When To Use Por, Para and Porque in Spanish

In this lesson we are going to review some rules to recognize when we should use one or another. Some beginner students (and advanced) usually have some problems with when they should use POR, PARA or PORQUE and it can be one of the most frustrating topics to learn in all of Spanish.

We use POR when we want to speak about the reason behind something. In this case you have to use a noun after POR.

POR + Noun: “Me gusta Buenos Aires por el clima.” (I like Buenos Aires because of the weather.)

“Como pollo por las proteínas que tiene.” (I eat chicken because it has protein.)

PARA + Infinitive Verb: “Ahorro dinero para viajar a otro pais”. (I save money to travel to another country.)/ “El lapiz sirve para escribir.” (The pencil is used to write.). In this case you will use the verb (verb, from the Latin verbum meaning word, is a word (part of speech) that in syntax conveys an action (bring, read, walk, run, learn), an occurrence (happen, become), or a state of being (be, exist, stand). In the usual description of English, the basic form, with or without the particle to, is the infinitive. In many languages, verbs are inflected (modified in form) to encode tense, aspect, mood, and voice. A verb may also agree with the person, gender or number of some of its arguments, such as its subject, or object. Verbs have tenses: present, to indicate that an action is being carried out; past, to indicate that an action has been done; future, to indicate that an action will be done) in the infinitive form. In Spanish (may refer to: Items from or related to Spain: Spaniards, a nation and ethnic group indigenous to Spain Spanish language, also called Castilian language Spanish cuisine) you should use PARA when (may refer to: Usually a question whose answer refers to time, period or phase. When?, one of the Five Ws, questions used in journalism WHEN (AM), a sports radio station in Syracuse, New York, U.S. WHEN, the former call letters of TV station WTVH in Syracuse) you are speaking about the objective of an action or the objective of an object.

Finally, we use Porque when you are speaking about the reason of something, but instead of using just the infinitive of the verb, we use the conjugation of the verb.

PORQUE + Conjugated Verb: “Voy a comprarme ropa nueva porque quiero estar elegante esta noche”.

(I am going to buy new clothes because I want to be elegant tonight.)

So, when someone asks you: “Por que estudias espanol?”

(Why do you study Spanish?), you can answer in different ways:

Por mi trabajo. (Because of my job.)

Por el crecimiento del mercado latino. (Because of the growth of the Latin market.)

Para (may refer to) poder comunicarme con personas que hablan espanol. (To be able to communicate with people who speak Spanish.)

Para viajar por Sudamerica. (For travelling around South America.)

Porque me gusta. (Because I like it.)

Porque quiero conseguir un trabajo mejor. (Because I want to find a better job.)

This little lesson (lesson is a structured period of time where learning is intended to occur. It involves one or more students (also called pupils or learners in some circumstances) being taught by a teacher or instructor. A lesson may be either one section of a textbook (which, apart from the printed page, can also include multimedia) or, more frequently, a short period of time during which learners are taught about a particular subject or taught how to perform a particular activity. Lessons are generally taught in a classroom but may instead take place in a situated learning environment. In a wider sense, a lesson is an insight gained by a learner into previously unfamiliar subject-matter. Such a lesson can be either planned or accidental, enjoyable or painful. The colloquial phrase “to teach someone a lesson”, means to punish or scold a person for a mistake they have made in order to ensure that they do not make the same mistake again.Lessons can also be made entertaining. When the term education is combined with entertainment, the term edutainment is coined) doesn’t cover all aspects of when to use POR, PARA and PORQUE, but it should give you a good start at understanding some important differences of when they are used. Be on the lookout for more lessons about POR, PARA Y PORQUE in the future.

I will end this lesson by mentioning a couple of learning Spanish tools that you can use to increase your knowledge about this topic. There are currently about a dozen books in the Practice Makes Perfect series, covering various topic from vocabulary to grammar. The Practice Makes Perfect books are among the best for learning Spanish. Another one that I have recommended to my students is the Learning Spanish Like Crazy audio course which teaches informal or familiar Spanish, but not slang.

Source by Anna Rivera

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